“Giving a bulletin or tape check by seeing if it can be quoted or paraphrased proves exactly nothing. This will not guarantee that the student knows the data or can use or apply it nor even guarantees that the student is there.
“… So examining by seeing if somebody ‘knows’ the text and can quote or paraphrase it is completely false and must not be done.”
HCO P/L 24 September 1964
Instruction and Examination, Raising the Standard of
(OEC Vol. 4, p.327)